Until now jobs could be divided into those with a more technical component, more oriented towards performing a specific task, and those that called for a more people-oriented approach.
But the labour market is now witnessing a coming together of these two paradigms. It is no longer enough to be a good technician, because sooner or later the tasks you do will become automated. Similarly, working only with people will become devalued as it becomes the employment refuge of the “technologically challenged”, so the number of candidates for each job will increase and wages will fall.
The outlook for jobs in the years to come is for employers to seek hybrids, candidates who are oriented towards transforming and reinventing themselves, always willing to learn. But we must be careful here, because the responsibility for learning will mostly be a matter for the worker, who must be proactive and a self-starter, rather than waiting reactively to be proposed to be given training, as has been the case to date.
Unlike employers or educational institutions, students and workers must take the initiative for changes by addressing innovations with fast reaction times. One statistic is very telling: in 2016 the Ministry of Industry published an analysis of the supply of public and private university courses, concluding that only 1% of the nearly 13,000 degrees, PhDs and other postgraduate qualifications available were oriented towards training in the framework of the digital era. This setback will take a long time to fix.